English Today: Recognize a noun when you see one.
Olamide! Akin George! Jupiter! Ice cream! Courage! Books! Bottles! Monkey! Land! Godzilla! All of these words are nouns, words that identify the whos, wheres, and whats in language. Nouns name people, places, and things. Read the sentence that follows:
Akin and Godzilla walked to Antonio’s to order a large pepperoni pizza.
George is a person. Antonio’s is a place. Pizza is a thing. Godzilla likes to think he’s a person, is as big as a place, but qualifies as another thing.
Understand the functions that nouns provide in sentences.
Nouns can function as subjects, direct objects, indirect objects, objects of prepositions, and subjects. Check out these examples:
Godzilla ordered a plate of Amala and ate the pie in a single bite.
Godzilla = the subject for the verbs ordered and ate.
Akin offered Godzilla a ten-dollar loan to buy a second pizza.
Godzilla = the indirect object of offered; loan = the direct object of offered.
While eating a plate of Amala, Akin dripped Gbegiri sauce onto his shirt.
Shirt = the object of the preposition onto.
In Godzilla’s opinion, Akin is a slob.
Slob = subject complement of the linking verb is.
Know the different classes of nouns.
Nouns have different classes: proper and common, concrete and abstracts, count and non count, and collective.
Proper vs. Common Nouns
Proper Noun name specific, one-of-a-kind items while common noun identify the general varieties. Proper nouns always begin with capital letters; common nouns, on the other hand, only require capitalization if they start the sentence or are part of a title. Read these two versions:
Akin and Godzilla dined at Michael’s.
Akin, Godzilla, Michael‘s = proper nouns.
A boy and his monster dined at a Pizza restaurant.
Boy, monster, restaurant = common nouns.
Concrete vs. Abstract Nouns
You classify concrete and abstract noun by their ability to register on your five senses. If you can see, hear, smell, taste, or feel the item, it’s a concrete noun. If, however, you cannot experience the item with any of your senses, it’s abstract. Here are two examples:
Amala is Akin’s favorite food.
Amala = concrete because you can see, hear, smell, feel [though you get your fingers greasy], and thankfully taste it.
Godzilla never tips the delivery boy from Michael’s; politeness is not one of Godzilla’s strong points.
Politeness = abstract [you cannot see politeness, or hear, smell, taste, or touch the quality itself].
Count vs. Noncount Nouns
Many nouns can be singular or plural; these are count nouns. Nouncount nouns, on the other hand, have only a singular form; to make them plural is illogical. Read the sentences that follow:
Godzilla ate three plates of Amala, two delivery boys, and six parked cars.
Amala, boys, and cars = count nouns. Godzilla didn’t have to be such a pig; he could have eaten only one plate of A mala, one delivery boy, and one car.
After overindulging at Michael’s, Godzilla got severe indigestion.
Indigestion = noncount. You cannot write, “Godzilla got eleven indigestions.”
Collective Nouns name groups. Although the group is a single unit, it has more than one member. Some examples are army, audience, board, cabinet, class, committee, company, corporation, council, department, faculty, family, firm, group, jury, majority, minority, navy, public, school, society, team, and troupe.
Collective nouns are especially tricky when you are trying to make verbs and pronouns agree with them. The reason is that collective nouns can be singular or plural, depending on the behavior of the members of the group.
For example, if the members are acting as a unit—everyone doing the same thing at the same time—the collective noun is singular and requires singular verbs and pronouns. Read this example:
Despite the danger to its new van, the Police team pursues the pizza-eating Godzilla through the streets of Miami.
In this sentence, the members of the collective noun team are acting in unison; each officer is engaged in the same activity at the same time. Thus, its, a singular pronoun, and pursues, a singular verb, are required. Now read the next example:
After getting their butts kicked by Godzilla, the team change into their street clothes and sob in their cars on the way home.
Here, the team members are acting individually. They are not putting on one giant set of street clothes that covers them all. They are not in unison pulling on their left socks first, then their right socks second. Instead, each member is dressing as he wishes, driving his own car to his own home. In cases like this, the collective noun is plural and requires plural pronouns [like their] and plural verbs [like change].
Keep in mind that a single noun can fall into more than one class. Here is an example:
Godzilla has known five Akins in his life.
Akins = proper, concrete, and count.
Ibadan, I guess you can recognize a Noun now, when you see one?!
Education is not just the key it is the master KEY to many things!!
Get your kids to learn more on Nouns. Education is everywhere!!!
(Edited by Olamide Michael)